English to Urdu sentences
MCQs Preparation kit

Famous writers | 1564 to 2014

English to Urdu sentences

?William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) English poet and playwright.
 Famous plays include Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, Merchant of Venice and Hamlet. 
Shakespeare is widely considered the seminal writer of the English language.

? Jonathan Swift (1667 – 1745) Anglo-Irish writer born in Dublin. Swift was
 a prominent satirist, essayist and author. Notable works include Gulliver’s
 Travels (1726), A Modest Proposal and A Tale of a Tub.

? Samuel Johnson (1709 – 1784) British author best known for his compilation 
of the English dictionary. Although not the first attempt at a dictionary, 
it was widely considered to be the most comprehensive – setting the standard 
for later dictionaries.

?Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 – 1832) German poet, playwright, 
and author. Notable works of Goethe include: Faust, Wilhelm Meister’s
Apprenticeship and Elective Affinities.

?Jane Austen (1775 – 1817) English author who wrote romantic fiction
 combined with social realism. Her novels include: Sense and Sensibility (1811),
 Pride and Prejudice (1813) and Emma (1816).

?Honore de Balzac (1799 – 1850) French novelist and short story writer.
 Balzac was an influential realist writer who created characters of moral 
ambiguity – often based on his own real life examples. His greatest work was
 the collection of short stories La Comédie humaine.
? Alexandre Dumas (1802 – 1870) French author of historical dramas, including
 – The Count of Monte Cristo (1844), and The Three Musketeers (1844). Also 
prolific author of magazine articles, pamphlets and travel books.
? Victor Hugo (1802 – 1885) French author and poet. Hugo’s novels include
 Les Misérables, (1862) and Notre-Dame de Paris (1831).
?Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870) – English writer and social critic. His
 best-known works include novels such as Oliver Twist, David Copperfield 
and A Christmas Carol.

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?Charlotte Bronte (1816 – 1855) English novelist and poet, from Haworth.
 Her best known novel is ‘Jane Eyre’ (1847).
? Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862) – American poet, writer and leading
 member of the Transcendentalist movement. Thoreau’s “Walden” (1854) was 
a unique account of living close to nature.
? Emily Bronte (1818 – 1848) English novelist. Emily Bronte is best known
 for her novel Wuthering Heights (1847), and her poetry.
? George Eliot (1819 – 1880) Pen name of Mary Ann Evans. Wrote novels, The 
Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch (1871–72), and
 Daniel Deronda (1876)
? Leo Tolstoy (1828 – 1910) Russian novelist and moral philosopher. Famous
 works include the epic novels – War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877).
 Tolstoy also became an influential philosopher with his brand of Christian
 pacificism.

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? Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881) Russian novelist, journalist and philosopher.
 Notable works include Notes from Underground, Crime and Punishment and The Idiot
? Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) Oxford mathematician and author. Famous for Alice 
in Wonderland, Through the Looking Glass, and poems like The Snark.
?Mark Twain (1835 – 1910) American writer and humorist, considered the ‘father 
of American literature’. Famous works include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876)
 and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885).
? Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) English novelist and poet. Hardy was a Victorian 
realist who was influenced by Romanticism. He wrote about problems of Victorian
 society – in particular, declining rural life. Notable works include: Far from 
the Madding Crowd (1874), Tess of the d’Urbervilles (1891), and 
Jude the Obscure (1895).

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?Oscar Wilde (1854 – 1900) – Irish writer and poet. Wilde wrote humorous,
 satirical plays, such as ‘The Importance of Being Earnest‘ and ‘The Picture 
of Dorian Grey’.
?Kenneth Graham (1859 – 1932) Author of the Wind in the Willows (1908), 
a classic of children’s literature.
?George Bernard Shaw (1856 – 1950) Irish playwright and wit. Famous works 
include: Pygmalion (1912), Man and Superman (1903) and Back to Methuselah (1921)
? Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 – 1930) British author of historical novels
 and plays. Most famous for his short stories about the detective – Sherlock
 Holmes, such as The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902) and Sign of Four (1890).
?Beatrix Potter (1866 – 1943) English conservationist and author of imaginative
 children’s books, such as the Tales of Peter Rabbit (1902).
?Marcel Proust (1871 – 1922) French author. Best known for epic novel l À la
 recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time) published in seven parts
 between 1913 and 1927.

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? William Somerset Maugham 1874 – 1965) British novelist and writer. One of
 the most popular authors of 1930s. Notable works included The Moon and Sixpence
 (1916), The Razor’s Edge (1944), and Of Human Bondage (1915)
? P.G.Wodehouse (1881 – 1975) English comic writer. Best known for his humorous
 and satirical stories about the English upper classes, such as Jeeves and Wooster
 and Blandings Castle.
? Virginia Woolf (1882 – 1941) English modernist writer, a member of the 
Bloomsbury group. Famous novels include Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the
 Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928).
? James Joyce (1882 – 1941) Irish writer from Dublin. Joyce was one of most
 influential modernist avant-garde writers of the Twentieth Century. His novel
 Ulysses (1922), was ground-breaking for its stream of consciousness style. 
Other works include Dubliners (1914) and Finnegans Wake (1939).

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? D H Lawrence (1885 – 1930) English poet, novelist and writer. Best 
known works include Sons and Lovers, The Rainbow, Women in Love and Lady 
Chatterley’s Lover (1928) – which was banned for many years.
? Agatha Christie (1890 – 1976) British fictional crime writer. Many of
 her books focused on series featuring her detectives ‘Poirot’ and Mrs Marple.
? J.R.R. Tolkien (1892 – 1973) – Professor of Anglo-Saxon and English at
 Oxford University. Tolkien wrote the best-selling mythical trilogy The Lord
 of the Rings. Other works include, The Hobbit and The Silmarillion, and a 
translation of Beowulf.
?Vera Brittain (1893 – 1970) British writer best known for her autobiography
 – Testament of Youth (1933) – sharing her traumatic experiences of the First
 World War.
?F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896 – 1940) American author. Iconic writer of the 
‘jazz age’. Notable works include The Great Gatsby (1925), and Tender Is 
the Night (1934) – cautionary tales about the ‘Jazz decade’ and the American
 Dream based on pleasure and materialism.

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? Enid Blyton (1897 – 1968) British children’s writer, known for her series of children’s 
books – The Famous Five and The Secret Seven. Blyton wrote an estimated 800 books over 
40 years.
? C.S. Lewis (1898 – 1963) Irish / English author and professor at Oxford University. Lewis is
 best known for The Chronicles of Narnia, a children’s fantasy series. Also well known as a 
Christian apologist.
? Ernest Hemingway (1899 – 1961) Ground breaking modernist American writer. Famous
 works included For Whom The Bell Tolls (1940) and A Farewell to Arms (1929).
? Vladimir Nabokov (1899 – 1977) Russian author of Lolita (1955) and Pale Fire (1962)
Barbara Cartland (1901 – 2000) One of most prolific and best selling authors of the romantic 
fiction genre. Some suggest she has sold over 2 billion copies worldwide.
?John Steinbeck (1902 – 1968) American writer who captured the social change experienced 
in the US around the time of the Great Depression. Famous works include – Of Mice and Men 
(1937), The Grapes of Wrath (1939) and East of Eden (1952).

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?George Orwell (1903 – 1950) – English author. Famous works include Animal 
Farm, and 1984. – Both stark warnings about the dangers of totalitarian states,
 Orwell was also a democratic socialist who fought in the Spanish Civil War, 
documenting his experiences in “Homage to Catalonia” (1938).
? Samuel Beckett (1906-1989) Irish avant garde, modernist writer. Beckett
 wrote minimalist and thought provoking plays, such as ‘Waiting for Godot’ 
(1953) and ‘Endgame‘ (1957). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1969.
?Albert Camus (1913 – 1960) – French author, journalist, and philosopher.
 Associated with existentialism and absurdism. Famous works included The Myth
of Sisyphus, The Stranger and The Plague.
? Roald Dahl (1916 – 1990) English author, best known for his children’s
 books, such as Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory, James and The Giant
 Peach and The BFG.
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918 – 2008) Russian author, historian and political
 critic. Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970 for
 his work in exposing the nature of Soviet totalitarianism. e.g, The Gulag
 Archipelago (1965-67).

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?J.D. Salinger (1919 – 2010) American author. Most influential novel The
 Catcher in the Rye (1951). Wrote many short stories for New Yorker magazine,
 such as “A Perfect Day for Bananafish”
?Joseph Heller (1923 – 1999) American novelist, who wrote satirical and black
 comedy. His most famous work is ‘Catch 22’ (1961) – a satire on the futility
 of war.
?Gabriel Garcia Marquez (1927 – 2014) Colombian author. Wrote: One Hundred 
Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975) and Love in the
 Time of Cholera (1985). Nobel Prize in Literature (1982).
? Anne Frank (1929 – 1945) Dutch-Jewish diarist. Known for her diary ‘Anne 
Frank‘ Published posthumously by her father – recalling her life hiding from
 Gestapo in occupied Holland.
Salman Rushdie (1947 – ) Anglo-Indian author. His works combine elements of
 magic realism, satire and historical fiction – often based on Indian 
sub-continent. Notable works include Midnight’s Children (1981), Shame 
(1983) and Satanic Verses (1988).

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? Stephen King (1947 – ) American author of contemporary horror, supernatural
 fiction, suspense, science fiction, and fantasy. One of the best selling authors
 of modern times.
George R.R Martin (1948 – ) American author of epic fantasy series – A Song of
 Ice and Fire, – his international best-selling series of fantasy, adapted for
 the screen as a Game of Thrones.
?Douglas Adams (1952 – 2001) British writer of humorous and absure science
 fiction. Adams wrote a best selling trilogy (of five books) The Hitchhiker’s 
Guide to the Galaxy – which began as a BBC play.
?J.K.Rowling (1965 – ) British author of the Harry Potter Series – which has
become the best selling book series of all time. Her first book was Harry Potter
 and the Philosopher’s Stone (1997). Rowling has also published adult fiction, 
such as The Casual Vacancy (2012) and The Cuckoo’s Calling (2013)
Khaled Hosseini (1965 – ) Afghan born American writer. Notable works include: 
The Kite Runner (2003) A Thousand Splendid Suns (2007) And the Mountains
 Echoed (2013 Poets

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?Homer (c. 8th Century B.C. ) Considered the greatest of the ancient Greek
 poets. Homer was the author of the two epic poems, The Iliad and The Odyssey.
?Sappho ( c 570 BC) One of the first published female writers. Much of her
 poetry has been lost but her immense reputation has remained. Plato referred
 to Sappho as one of the great ten poets.
?Virgil (70 BC – 19 BC) Roman poet. Wrote three epics Eclogues (or Bucolics)
, the Georgics, and the Aeneid.
? Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) Italian poet of the Middle Ages. His Divine 
Comedy, is one of most influential European works of literature. Dante is also 
called the “Father of the Italian language”.
? Geoffrey Chaucer (1343 – 1400) Considered the Father of English Literature.
 Best known for Canterbury Tales (1475).
John Milton (1608 – 1674) English poet. Best known for his epic poem Paradise
 Lost (1667), written in blank verse – telling the Biblical story of man’s fall.
 Also wrote Areopagitica (1644) in defence of free speech.

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?William Blake (1757 –1827) English mystic and romantic poet, wrote Songs of
 Innocence and Songs of Experience. Also hand-painted many of his works.
William Wordsworth (1770 – 1850) English romantic poet from Lake District, many
 poems related to natures, such as his Lyrical Ballads.
?Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 – 1834) English romantic poet. Author of The 
Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Kublai Khan.
? Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792 – 1822) English romantic poet. Famous works include
 Queen Mab and Prometheus Unbound
John Keats (1795 – 1821) English Romantic Poet, best known for his Odes, such as
 Ode to a Nightingale, Endymion.
? Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 – 1882) American Transcendentalist poet and writer.
? Alfred Tennyson (1809 – 1892) Popular Victorian poet, wrote Charge of the 
Light Brigade, Ulysses, and In Memoriam A.H.H.
? Walt Whitman (1819 – 1892) American poet. Wrote Leaves of Grass, a ground
 breaking new style of poetry.

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? Emily Dickinson (1830 – 1886) American female poet. Led secluded lifestyle,
 and left legacy of many short vivid poems, often on themes of death and
 immortality.
Rabindranath Tagore (1861 – 1941) Indian poet. Awarded Nobel Prize for 
Literature for his work – Gitanjali.
? Robert Frost (1874 – 1963) – Influential American poet, one of most 
highly regarded of the Twentieth Century. Most famous work ‘The Road Not 
Taken’ (1916)
Maya Angelou (1928 – 2014 ) – Modern American poet and writer.

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