Books-Notes PDF English Precis & Composition MCQs Preparation kit

300 Important One Word Substitution with Meaning | Download in PDF



300 Important One Word Substitution with Meaning

1. Audience – a number of people listening to a lecture 
2. Altruist – one, who considers the happiness and well-being of others first 
3. Atheist – a person who does not believe in God 
4. Anthropologist – one, who studies the evolution of mankind 
5. Autocracy – government by one person 
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6. Autobiography – the life history of a person written by himself 
7. Amputate – to cut off a part of a person's body which is infected 
8. Arsenal – a place for ammunition and weapons 
9. Archives – a place where government or public records are kept 
10. Amateur – a man who does a thing for pleasure and not as a profession 

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11. Aristocracy – government by the nobles 
12. Aquatic – animals/plants ere which live in water 
13. Amphibian – animals which live both on land and sea 
14. Ambidexter – one, who can use either hand with ease 
15. Alimony – allowance paid to wife on legal separation 
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16. Anthology – a collection of poems 
17. Abdication – voluntary giving up of throne in favour of someone 
18. Arbitrator – a person, appointed by two parties to solve a dispute 
19. Astronomer – a person, who studies stars, planets and other heavenly bodies 
20. Astrologer – a person who studies the influence of heavenly bodies on human beings 

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21. Anthology – a collection of poems 
22. Axiom – a statement which is accepted as true without proof 
23. Agenda – a list of headings of the business to be transacted at a meeting 
24. Anarchist – one, who is out to destroy all governance, law and order 
25. Almanac – an annual calender with positions of stars 
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26. Bigamy – the practice of having two wives or husbands at a time 
27. Bibliophile – a lover and collector of books 
28. Bouquet – a collection of flowers 
29. Bureaucracy – government by the officials 
30. Belligerent – a person, nation that is involved in war 

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31. Biennial – an event which happens once in two years 
32. Blasphemy – the act of speaking disrespectfully about sacred things 
33. Creche – a nursery where children are cared for while their parents are at work 
34. Cosmopolitan – a person who regards whole world as his country 
35. Chauffeur – one, who is employed to drive a motor car 
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36. Curator – a person incharge of a museum 
37. Carnivorous – one, who lives on flesh 
38. Cannibal – one, who feeds on human flesh 
39. Contemporaries – belonging to or living at the same time 
40. Cloak room – a place for luggage at railway station 

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41. Cynosure – centre of attraction 
42. Connoisseur – a critical judge of any art and craft 
43. Crusade – a religious war 
44. Choreographer – one, who teaches dancing
45. Cacographist – a person, who is bad in spellings 
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46. Calligraphist – a person, who writes beautiful handwriting 
47. Cynic – one, who sneers at the aims and beliefs of his fellow men 
48. Convalescent – one, who is recovering health 
49. Cavalry – soldiers, who fight on horse back 
50. Cardiologist – a person, who is specialist in heart diseases 

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51. Cartographer – one, who draws maps 
52. Dormitory – the sleeping rooms with several beds especially in a college or institution 
53. Drawn – a game that results neither in victory nor in defeat 
54. Elegy – a poem of lamentation 
55. Epitaph – words which are inscribed on the grave or the tomb in the memory of the buried 
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56. Ephemeral – lasting one day 
57. Effeminate – a person who is womanish 
58. Emigrant – a person who leaves his own country and goes to live in another 
59. Edible – fit to be eaten 
60. Egotism – practice of talking too much about oneself 

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61. Encyclopaedia – a book that contains information on various subjects 
62. Epicure – one, who is devoted to the pleasure of eating and drinking 
63. Florist – one, who deals-in flowers 
64. Fastidious – one, who is very -selective in one's taste 
65. Fanatic or Bigot – one, who is filled with excessive and mistaken enthusiasm in religious matters
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66. Fatal – causing death 
67. Fatalist – one, who believes in fate 
68. Facsimile – an exact copy of handwriting, printing etc 
69. Fauna – the animals of a certain region 
70. Flora – the plants of a particular region 

One Word Substitution
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71. Fratricide – murder of brother 
72. Fugitive – one, who runs away from justice or the law 
73. Fragile – easily broken 
74. Feminist – one, who works for the welfare of the women 
75. Granary – a place for grains 
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76. Genocide – murder of race 
77. Gregarious – animals which live in flocks 
78. Hangar – a place for housing aeroplanes 
79. Hive – a place for bees 
80. Horticulture – the art of cultivating and managing gardens 

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81. Homicide – murder of man 
82. Hearse – a vehicle which is used to carry a dead body 
83. Hedonist – one, who believes that pleasure is the chief good (sensual) 
84. Horizon – a line at which the earth and the sky seem to meet 
85. Honorary – holding office without any remuneration 
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86. Heretic – one, who acts against religion 
87. Herbivorous – one, who lives on herbs 
88. Insolvent/Bankrupt – a person who is unable to pay his debts 
89. Inaudible – a sound that cannot be heard 
90. Inaccessible – that cannot be easily approached 

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91. Incorrigible – incapable of being corrected 
92. Irreparable – incapable of being repaired 
93. Illegible – incapable of being read 
94. Inevitable – incapable of being avoided 
95. Impracticable – incapable of being practised 
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96. Immigrant – a person who comes to one country from another in order to settle there 
97. Invincible – one, too strong to be overcome
98. Indelible – that cannot be erased 
99. Incognito – travelling under another name than one's own 
100. Indefatigable – one, who does not tire easily 

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101. Infallible – one, who is free from all mistakes and failures 
102. Invigilator – one, who supervises in the examination hall 
103. Itinerant – one, who journeys from place to place 
104. Infirmary – a home or room used for ill or injured people 
105. Infanticide – murder of an infant 
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106. Infantry – soldiers, who fight on foot 
107. Inflammable – liable to catch fire easily 
108. Interregnum – a period of interval between two reigns or governments 
109. Kennel – a place for dogs 
110. Lunatic asylum – a home for lunatics 

One Word Substitution
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111. Lexicographer – one, who compiles a dictionary 
112. Loquacious – one, who talks continuously 
113. Linguist – one, who is skilled in foreign languages 
114. Lapidist – one, who cuts precious stones 
115. Misanthrope – a hater of mankind 
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116. Misogamist – one, who hates marriage 
117. Mortuary – a place, where dead bodies are kept for post mortem 
118. Mercenery – working only for the sake of money 
119. Matricide – murder of mother 
120. Martyr – one, who dies for a noble cause

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121. Maiden speech – the first speech delivered by a person 
122. Mint – a place where coins are made 
123. Misogynist – a hater of womankind 
124. Morgue – a place, where dead bodies are kept for identification 
125. Mammals – animals which give milk
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126. Monogamy – the practice of marrying one at a time 
127. Missionary – a person, who is sent to propagate religion 
128. Numismatics – the study of coins 
129. Namesake – a person having same name as another 
130. Nostalgia – a strong desire to return home, home sickness 

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131. Novice or Tyro – one, new to anything, inexperienced 
132. Narcotic – a medicine for producing sleep 
133. Optimist – a person who looks at the brighter side of things 
134. Orphan – one, who has lost parents 
135. Omnipresent – one, who is present everywhere 
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136. Omnipotent – one, who is all powerful 
137. Omniscient – one, who knows everything 
138. Opaque – that which cannot be seen through 
139. Obituary – an account in the newspaper of the funeral of the one deceased 
140. Orphanage – a home for orphans 

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141. Obstetrician – one, who is skilled in midwifery 
142. Ostler – one, who looks after horses at an inn 
143. Omnivorous – one, who eats everything 
144. Pessimist – a person who looks at the darker side of things 
145. Potable – fit to drink 
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146. Post mortem – an examination of dead body 
147. Philanthropist – a lover of mankind 
148. Patricide – murder of father 
149. Philatelist – one, who collects stamps 
150. Plagiarism – literary theft or passing off an author's original work as one's own 

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151. Polygamy – the practice of marrying more than one wife at a time 
152. Polyandry – the practice of marrying more than one husband at a time 
153. Philogynist – a lover of womankind 
154. Plebiscite – (a decision made by) votes of all qualified citizens 
155. Philanderer – one, who amuses himself by love making 
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156. Philistine – one who does not care for art and literature 
157. Plutocracy – government by the rich 
158. Pseudonym – an imaginary name assumed by an author for disguise 
159. Posthumous – a child born after the death of his father or the book published after the death of the writer 
160. Panacea – a remedy for all diseases 

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161. Paediatrician – a person, who is specialist in child diseases 
162. Platitude – ordinary remarks often repeated 
163. Pedant – one, who makes a vain display of his knowledge 
164. Polyglot – one, who speaks many languages 
165. Paleography – the study of ancient writing
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166. Posse – a number of policemen called to quell a riot 
167. Parole – pledge given by a prisoner for temporary release, not to escape 
168. Pedestrian – one, who goes on foot 
169. Portable – that can be carried easily 
170. Quarantine – an act of separation from other persons to avoid infection 

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171. Rhetoric – the art of elegant speech or writing 
172. Regicide – murder of King or Queen 
173. Sacrilege – violating or profaning religious things/places 
174. Sculptor – one, who cuts in stones 
175. Suicide – murder of oneself 
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176. Stable – a place for horses 
177. Somnambulist – a person, who walks in sleep 
178. Somniloquist – a person, who talks in sleep 
179. Souvenir – a thing kept as a reminder of a person, place or event 
180. Swan song – the last work (literary) of a writer 

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181. Sot, Toper – one, who is a habitual drunkard 
182. Sinecure – a job with high salary but little responsibility 
183. Stoic – a person, who is indifferent to pleasure and pain and has control over his passions 
184. Sanatorium – a place for the sick to recover health 
185. Sororicide – murder of sister 
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186. Triennial – an event which happens once in three years 
187. Truant – a person/student who absents himself from class or duty without permission 
188. Teetotaller – one, who does not take any intoxicating drink 
189. Transparent – that which can be seen through 
190. Theocracy – government by religious principles 

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191. Uxorious – one extremely fond of one's wife 
192. Utopia – an imaginary perfect social and political system 
193. Uxoricide – murder of wife 
194. Verbatim – repetition of speech or writing word for word 
195. Volunteer – one, who offers one's services
196. Virgin – a woman who has no sexual experience
197. Bigamy – the practice of having two wives or husbands at a time 
198. Bibliophile – a lover and collector of books 
199. Bouquet – a collection of flowers 
200. Bureaucracy – government by the officials

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201. Altruist- A person who loves everybody.
202. Amateur- A person who does things only for pleasure.
203. Anarchist- A person who wants to create lawlessness in the state.
204. Arsenal- A place where weapons and ammunitions are stored.
205. Anonymous- A letter which does not bear the name of its writer.
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206. Atheist- A person who does not believe in the existence of God.
207. Antidote- A medicine to counteract the effect of a poison.
208. Antiseptic- A medicine that prevents decomposing.
209. Aristocracy- A government run by the nobility.
210. Astronomer- A person who is skilled in the science of the celestial bodies.

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211. Autobiography- A life history of a person written by self.
212. Audience- An assembly of listeners.
213. Autocracy- A government where the powers are concentrated in the hands of one person.
214. Bankrupt- A person who cannot pay his debts.
215. Belligerent- One who is engaged in fighting a battle or war.
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216. Biography- A life story of a person written by another person.
217. Bibliophile- A lover of books.
218. Bigamy- The state of having two wives or husbands at the same time.
219. Bigot- A person blindly attached to any opinion, system of party.
220. Biologist- One person who is skilled in the science that treats of the life of animals and plant.

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221. Blasphemous- One who is irreverent towards God.
222. Botanist- One who is well versed in the knowledge of plants and vegetables.
223. Bureaucracy- A government in which all the powers are concentrated in the hands of the officers.
224. Cannibal- A person who eats human beings.
225. Catalogue- A list of books.
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226. Cardiologist- A person who is well versed in the matter relating to heart.
227. Carnivorous- An animal which eats flesh.
228. Celibacy- The state of being unmarried under a vow.
229. Celibate- A person who practices celibacy.
230. Claustrophobia- A morbid fear of confined spaces.

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231. Cliché- Hackneyed phrases or oft used words or stereo-type phrases.
232. Connoisseur- A person who is competent to pass critical judgment upon anything.
233. Colleague- An associate in an office or institution.
234. Cosmopolitan- A person who is free from national prejudices or who considers himself as a citizen of the world.
235. Contemporary- A person living at the same time as another.
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236. Credulous- A person who is too ready to believe.
237. Dead letter- A letter which is not claimed by anyone.
238. Dead language- A language which is no longer in use.
239. Democracy- A government of the people by the people and for the people.
240. Dermatologist- One who is well versed in the science which treats of the skin and its diseases.

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241. Dilettante- An admirer of or dabbler in fine arts.
242. Draw- A battle or a match in which neither party wins.
243. Domicile- A place where one lives permanently.
244. Edible- A thing fit to be eaten.
245. Effeminate- A man who is having the qualities of a woman.
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246. Egoist- A person who is in love with himself or self- centered.
247. Epicurean- One who is given to sensual pleasures or enjoyment.
248. Extempore- A speech made without any previous preparation.
249. Fanatic- One who is affected by excessive enthusiasm especially in religious matters.
250. Fastidious- One who cannot be easily pleased.

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251. Fatal- A disease (or accident) which ends in death.
252. Fatalist- One who firmly believes in fate or destiny.
253. Feminist- A supporter of the cause of women.
254. Fratricide- The murder of a brother.
255. Gratis- Without payment or free of cost.
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256. Garrulity- The habit of talking too much.
257. Genocide- Deliberate extermination or killing of a whole race.
258. Germicide- A medicine that kills germs.
259. Gynecologist- One who is well versed in the science of female ailments.
260. Herbivorous- Animals living on plants.

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261. Homicide- The killing of one man by another man.
262. Homonym- A word which agrees with another in pronunciation and perhaps also in spelling but is different in connotation.
263. Honorary- An office for which no salary is paid.
264. Hospitable- One who entertains his guests well.
265. Hypochondriac- One who has exaggerated anxiety about one’s health.
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266. Ignorant- One who lacks knowledge.
267. Illegal- That which is contrary to law.
268. Illegible- A handwriting which cannot be easily read.
269. Illiterate- One who is unable to read and write.
270. Immigrant- One who comes to settle in a country.

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271. Impregnable- That which cannot be attacked or taken by force.
272. Impassable- That which cannot be passed through.
273. Impracticable- That which cannot be put into practice.
274. Impenetrable- That which cannot be pierced through.
275. Inaccessible- That which cannot be approached or reached.
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276. Improbable- That which is not possible or credible.
277. Inaudible- That which cannot be heard.
278. Incorrigible- That which cannot be corrected.
279. Incredible- That which cannot be believed.
280. Incurable- That which cannot be cured.

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281. Indefatigable- One who is incapable of being tired.
282. Indelible- Incapable of being effaced, or cancelled or obliterated.
283. Inexplicable- That which cannot be explained.
284. Inexorable- One who is unrelenting and cannot be moved by entreaties.
285. Infallible- One who is not liable to commit mistakes or err.
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286. Inflammable- Capable of catching fire or combustible.
287. Inimitable- That which cannot be imitated.
288. Innocuous- That which is quite harmless.
289. Invincible- That which cannot be conquered or defeated.
290. Indescribable- That which cannot be described.

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291. Inevitable- That which is bound to happen.
292. Insoluble- That which cannot be solved.
293. Irreparable- That which cannot be made good or repaired.
294. Linguist- One who knows several languages.
295. Loquacious- A person who talks too much.
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296. Manuscript- A paper written by hand.
297. Matricide- A murderer or one’s Mother.
298. Misanthropist- One who hates mankind.
300. Mobocracy- The government run by the mob.


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