Books-Notes PDF English Precis & Composition MCQs Preparation kit

200 words VOCABULARY with meaning, Sentence, Synonyms & Antonyms FOR CSS & PMS

1. COMPETENCE (NOUN): capability 
Synonyms: ability, proficiency 
Antonyms: bluntness, dullness 
Sentence: I regard him as a man of integrity and high professional competence.
2. COMPENDIUM (NOUN): summary 
Synonyms: digest, compilation 
Antonyms: extension, enlargement 
Sentence: His book is a delightful compendium of important questions.
3. COMPASSION (NOUN): pity 
Synonyms: tenderness, gentleness 
Antonyms: antipathy, ruthlessness 
Sentence: There is no need to show compassion for him.
4. LIBIDINOUS (ADJECTIVE): lustful 
Synonyms: sensual, lascivious 
Antonyms: moral, decent 
Sentence: The child should be kept away from libidinous movie
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5. REVELRY (NOUN): merrymaking 
Synonyms: festivity, celebration 
Antonyms: mourning, sadness 
Sentence: I called the police when my neighbours refused to settle down and end their revelry.
6. RUSE (NOUN): trick, deception 
Synonyms: gimmick, ploy
Antonyms: honesty, openness 
Sentence: It was a ruse to bring him there.
7. SIMPLETON (NOUN): fool 
Synonyms: buffoon, jerk 
Antonyms: brain, genius 
Sentence: He is a simpleton boy and tries to make everybody around him laugh.

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8. CLANNISH (ADJECTIVE): exclusive 
Synonyms: selected, reserved 
Antonyms: welcoming, open 
Sentence: Celebrities believe in wearing clannish dresses.
9. SATANIC (ADJECTIVE): demonic 
Synonyms: cruel, maniacal 
Antonyms: angelic, good 
Sentence: His father’s satanic remark stung deeply and brought the boy to tears.
10. TITULAR (ADJECTIVE): having a title 
Synonyms: nominal, so-called 
Antonyms: actual, real 
Sentence: He always refused any titular distinction; but he was credited by many.
11. SPECKLE (ADJECTIVE): dotted 
Synonyms: flecked, mottled 
Antonyms: plain, simple 
Sentence: The valley was speckled with flowers.
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12. BEFOUL (VERB): contaminate 
Synonyms: dirty, malign 
Antonyms: cleanse, purify 
Sentence: The kids befouled their hands by playing in the garden.
13. FLURRY (NOUN): commotion 
Synonyms: turmoil, outbreak  
Antonyms: calm, peace 
Sentence: During weekends the street markets are in a state of flurry.
14. QUANDARY (NOUN): Delicate situation 
Synonyms: difficulty, dilemma 
Antonyms: advantage, boon 
Sentence: I found myself in a quandary.

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15. QUIETUDE (NOUN): Calm 
Synonyms: dispassion, peace 
Antonyms: agitation, clamor 
Sentence: Ayesha lived here in quietude.
16. PROCLIVITY (NOUN): Inclination 
Synonyms: penchant, predilection 
Antonyms: antipathy, dislike 
Sentence: The new book concludes in a way that hardly matches my own social proclivity.
17. QUISLING (NOUN): Traitor 
Synonyms: betrayer, collaborator 
Antonyms: loyalist, patriot 
Sentence: He was proved to be a quisling.
18. PLEBIAN (ADJECTIVE): Native 
Synonyms: local, indigenous 
Antonyms: uncommon, different 
Sentence: He is a plebian author.
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19. OPULENCE (NOUN): Wealth 
Synonyms: abundance, affluence 
Antonyms: dearth, deficiency 
Sentence: Her opulence made her have many friends.
20. OBVIATE (VERB): Counteract 
Synonyms: preclude, forestall 
Antonyms: assist, support 
Sentence: Climatic conditions obviate the necessity of rain.
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21. OVERT (ADJECTIVE): Obvious 
Synonyms: apparent, definite 
Antonyms: obscure, uncertain 
Sentence: The new guest smiled in return but gave no overt sign of knowing the man.

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22. MEDDLESOME (ADJECTIVE): Interfering
Synonyms: intrusive, meddling 
Antonyms: avoiding, dodging 
Sentence: She made a meddlesome remark.
23. MINCING (ADJECTIVE): Affected 
Synonyms: artificial, dainty 
Antonyms: extroverted, unaffected 
Sentence: Naira can’t put up with his mincing voice for rest of her life.
24. LAVISH (ADJECTIVE): wasteful 
Synonyms: extravagant, profligate
Antonyms: economical, mean 
Sentence: She came to a grief because of his lavish spending habits.
25. LACONIC (ADJECTIVE): brief 
Synonyms: short, terse 
Antonyms: verbose, wordy 
Sentence: Though his speech was laconic, yet it was lucid.
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26. MAMMOTH (ADJECTIVE): huge 
Synonyms: enormous, gargantuan 
Antonyms: little, miniature 
Sentence: A mammoth project will be completed very soon.
27. MENACE (NOUN): danger 
Synonyms: threat, peril 
Antonyms: safety, surety 
Sentence: Terrorism is a potential menace to the integrity of the country.
28. MANIFEST (ADJECTIVE): clear 
Synonyms: understandable, palpable 
Antonyms: unclear, obscure 
Sentence: His evil intentions were manifest when he mentioned the question of dowry.

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29. MODICUM (NOUN): small amount 
Synonyms: ounce, shred 
Antonyms: lot, whole 
Sentence: There is no modicum of truth in her statement.
30. OBLIVION (NOUN): mental blankness 
Synonyms: forgetfulness, unconsciousness 
Antonyms: awareness, concern 
Sentence: He drank himself into oblivion.
31. REFURBISH (VERB): make clean 
Synonyms: repair, renovate 
Antonyms: ruin, destroy 
Sentence: A person can refurbish his image by leading life dedicated to his vocation.
32. RAZE (VERB): destroy completely 
Synonyms: demolish, obliterate 
Antonyms: build, construct 
Sentence: Dozens of villages have been razed.
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33. RAPT (ADJECTIVE): fully attentive 
Synonyms: elated, ecstatic 
Antonyms: dejected, doleful 
Sentence: He listened to the speaker with rapt attention.
34. PERPETUATE (VERB): maintain 
Synonyms: preserve, conserve 
Antonyms: discontinue, cease 
Sentence: In order to perpetuate the method of amending the constitution was made extremely rigid.
35. MALIGNANT (ADJECTIVE): deadly 
Synonyms: destructive, mortal 
Antonyms: harmless, healthful 
Sentence: He died of a malignant tumour.

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36. DENIGRATE (VERB): besmirch 
Synonyms: defame, disparage 
Antonyms: praise, laud 
Sentence: We should not try to denigrate the character of anyone.
37. DAUNTLESS (ADJECTIVE): bold 
Synonyms: brave, gallant 
Antonyms: timid, fearful 
Sentence: Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was a dauntless politician.
38. DECORUM (NOUN): grace 
Synonyms: propriety, dignity 
Antonyms: Impropriety, Levity 
Sentence: We all should maintain our decorum.
39. DETRIMENT (NOUN): damage 
Synonyms: harm, loss 
Antonyms: profit, benefit 
Sentence: Smoking is a detriment to good health.
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40. DREARY (ADJECTIVE): cheerless 
Synonyms: comfortless, dark
Antonyms: inspiring, pleasant 
Sentence: I will have to go to another dreary meeting tomorrow.
41. GROTESQUE (ADJECTIVE): ugly 
Synonyms: absurd, odd 
Antonyms: graceful, natural 
Sentence: His grotesque appearance makes him defame.
42. GLIDE (VERB): pass 
Synonyms: relapse, go by 
Antonyms: stop, freeze 
Sentence: He players glided across the field easily.

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43. GINGERLY (ADVERB): carefully 
Synonyms: cautiously, delicately 
Antonyms: hesitantly, timidly 
Sentence: Ahmed
gingerly moved his injured foot.
44. TEEM (VERB): Overflow 
Synonyms: overrun, full 
Antonyms: lack, need 
Sentence: The sagas teem with references to the inhabitants.
45. CHUNKY (ADJECTIVE): Chubby 
Synonyms: stocky, stout 
Antonyms: skinny, thin 
Sentence: Urooj is a chunky fellow of mine.
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46. HASPING (VERB): Fasten 
Synonyms: grab, catch 
Antonyms: loose, release 
Sentence: Rehana went to the window and hasped it.
47. UNDERTONE (NOUN): Mumble 
Synonyms: murmur, hint 
Antonyms: overtone, enunciate 
Sentence: Nisha was talking in undertone.
48. UNSCATHED (ADJECTIVE): Unharmed 
Synonyms: unhurt, uninjured 
Antonyms: hurt, injured 
Sentence: The passengers escaped unscathed
49. VARNISH (VERB): add a layer to; embellish 
Synonyms: lacquer, cover 
Antonyms: uncover, reveal 
Sentence: The painter varnished the doors.

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50. TOUT (VERB): Laud 
Synonyms: praise, promote 
Antonyms: blame, discourage 
Sentence: They touted her performance.
51. TEPID (ADJECTIVE): Mild 
Synonyms: warm, unenthusiastic 
Antonyms: enthusiastic, keen 
Sentence: The applause from the audience was tepid.
52. VESTIGE (NOUN): Sign 
Synonyms: glimmer, indication 
Antonyms: information, lot 
Sentence: Some people are said to have revealed no vestige of religion.
53. INGRAINED (ADJECTIVE): Deep-rooted 
Synonyms: deep-seated, inbred 
Antonyms: acquired, learned 
Sentence: The notion of scarcity is ingrained in them.
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54. FEUD (NOUN): major argument 
Synonyms: conflict, dispute 
Antonyms: friendship, accord 
Sentence: The feud between the two sisters lasted for two hours.
55. FLUSTER (NOUN): perturbation, upset 
Synonyms: agitation, disturbance 
Antonyms: peace, calmness 
Sentence: There was no longer any fluster or hesitation in his manner.
56. FEALTY (NOUN): allegiance 
Synonyms: faithfulness, loyalty 
Antonyms: disloyalty, treachery 
Sentence: Everyone expect fealty from their good friends.

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57. BROACH (VERB): bring up a topic 
Synonyms: introduce, moot 
Antonyms: stop, close 
Sentence: The subject was broached to nurture the students in a better way.
58. COY (ADJECTIVE): bashful 
Synonyms: skittish, timid 
Antonyms: aggressive, forward 
Sentence: Sania gave him a coy smile.
59. CONCOCT (VERB): formulate, think up 
Synonyms: contrive, create 
Antonyms: demolish, destroy 
Sentence: He concocted an idea to start a new business.
60. DILATORY (ADJECTIVE): procrastinating 
Synonyms: delaying, laggard 
Antonyms: diligent, eager 
Sentence: He had been dilatory but now he intended to get down to business.
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61. GAMBOL (VERB): run or jump about playfully 
Synonyms: prank, play 
Antonyms: work, study 
Sentence: The kids gamboled all around the house.
62. IMPEACH (VERB): denounce, censure 
Synonyms: accuse, criticize 
Antonyms: praise, commend 
Sentence: He impeached the celebrity in the public for his wrong deeds.
63. INDIGNATION (NOUN): anger 
Synonyms: rage, displeasure 
Antonyms: delight, cheer 
Sentence: The boss came out in indignation from a meeting.

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64. BESMIRCH (VERB): taint 
Synonyms: blacken, defile 
Antonyms: honor, praise 
Sentence: The celebrity insisted that the accusation was an attempt to besmirch his name.
65. SMEAR (VERB): To make something blurred 
Synonyms: smudge, stained 
Antonyms: clean, purify 
Sentence: She brushed against the newly painted notice and smeared the lettering.
66. SPONGY (ADJECTIVE): cushioned 
Synonyms: soft, porous 
Antonyms: hard, inflexible
Sentence: She baked a spongy cake.
67. BREVITY (NOUN): briefness 
Synonyms: concise, short
Antonyms: longevity, lengthiness 
Sentence: She explained the paragraph in brevity.
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68. APPAL (VERB): horrify 
Synonyms: alarm, amaze 
Antonyms: comfort, encourage 
Sentence: Yesterday I was appalled by seeing the horror movie.
69. ASTOUND (VERB): amaze 
Synonyms: astonish, bewilder 
Antonyms: calm, expect 
Sentence: I was astounded at your presence.
70. EXALTED (VERB): praised 
Synonyms: elevated, illustrious 
Antonyms: criticized, debased 
Sentence: She exalted the cuisines made by me.

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71. ABANDON (VERB): cease to support or look after (someone) 
Synonyms: desert, leave 
Antonyms: adopt, adapt 
Sentence: They abandoned their old parents.
72. BOREDOM (NOUN): disinterest 
Synonyms: apathy, disgust 
Antonyms: concern, energy 
Sentence: Boredom had settled heavily over his outlook on the operation.
73. STUPEFY (VERB): stun 
Synonyms: benumb, daze 
Antonyms: enliven, inspire 
Sentence: She stupefied her mom with her acts.
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74. QUIXOTIC (ADJECTIVE): generous 
Synonyms: idealistic, dreamy 
Antonyms: cautious, pragmatic 
Sentence: Shahrukh has not been successful in life because of his non quixotic ideas.
75. NOXIOUS (ADJECTIVE): harmful 
Synonyms: offensive, putrid 
Antonyms: helpful, healthy 
Sentence: Emission from diesel cars producing noxious gases causes air pollution.
76. NARCISSISM (NOUN): self-love and devotion 
Synonyms: egotism, selfishness 
Antonyms: humility, modesty 
Sentence: Narcissism leads to selfishness in character.
77. VITRIOLIC (ADJECTIVE): bitter
Synonyms: astringent, sardonic 
Antonyms: courteous, gracious 
Sentence: By the time Zahid began the final round, the audience was vitriolic, already turned against Shahid.

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78. PILFERAGE (NOUN): theft 
Synonyms: burglary, misappropriation 
Antonyms: veto, disapprove 
79. MYRIAD (ADJECTIVE): infinite 
Synonyms: multitudinous, multiple 
Antonyms: finite, limited 
Sentence: There the stars seem to have shrunk away from you, a myriad of miles.
80. REPOSITION (VERB): alter 
Synonyms: deviate, change 
Antonyms: keep, hold 
Sentence: How do you effectively reposition brands in a global 
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81. RAMBUNCTIOUS (ADJECTIVE): noisy 
Synonyms: boisterous, raucous 
Antonyms: calm, quiet 
Sentence: In his party the kids are being especially rambunctious.
82. RANKLE (VERB): annoy 
Synonyms: bother, embitter 
Antonyms: comfort, aid 
Sentence: An article revealed the release of the killer from prison is surely to rankle the victim’s family.
83. RECIDIVISM (NOUN): lapse 
Synonyms: backsliding, decadence
Antonyms: ascent, increase 
Sentence: The mentor program hopes to reduce recidivism by keeping juvenile offenders off the crime.
84. APPOSITE (ADJECTIVE): apt 
Synonyms: appropriate, relevant 
Antonyms: inapt, inapplicable 
Sentence: This dress is pretty much apposite for me.
85. JUMBLE (VERB): disturb 
Synonyms: disorder, disorganise 
Antonyms: Organise, Arrange 
Sentence: Asad’s life is getting jumbled day by day.

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86. AGILITY (NOUN): quickness 
Synonyms: swiftness, sprightliness 
Antonyms: dullness, sluggishness 
Sentence: I always find agility in my pet’s movements.
87. RAMPART (NOUN): defensive wall 
Synonyms: barricade, fortification 
Antonyms: opening, ditch 
Sentence: They built rampart across the area.
88. QUANDARY (NOUN): dilemma 
Synonyms: in a fix, predicament 
Antonyms: advantage, good fortune 
Sentence: Yesterday I saw my student in a quandary.
89. QUIP (NOUN): A clever remark 
Synonyms: banter, gag 
Antonyms: praise, flattery 
Sentence: Iqra is quite intelligent and is in the habit of making quips.
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90. PERNICIOUS (ADJECTIVE): destructive 
Synonyms: injurious, unsafe 
Antonyms: safe, harmless 
Sentence: Bushra’s approach is self-pernicious; she needs to improve a lot.
91. QUINTESSENCE (NOUN): perfect example 
Synonyms: paragon, ideal 
Antonyms: artificial, copy 
Sentence: Everybody admires Aleena because she is a quintessence of benevolence.
92. QUALMS (NOUN): feeling of doubt 
Synonyms: anxiety, apprehension 
Antonyms: certainty, calm 
Sentence: The mentally ill patients are the last to feel qualms while committing cruel deeds.

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93. BEHEMOTH (NOUN): Giant 
Synonyms: colossus, mammoth 
Antonyms: mite, dwarf 
Sentence: Aamir took a behemoth step for humanity.
94. FLABBERGAST (VERB): surprise 
Synonyms: amaze, astonished
Antonyms: bore, calm 
Sentence: The burglar was flabbergasted when he broke into the house and found himself surrounded by 
police officers.
95. STAGGER (VERB): walk falteringly 
Synonyms: careen, falter 
Antonyms: continue, stay 
Sentence: If my father doesn’t stagger on his decision, I won’t be able to attend the sleepover.
96. INSOLENT (ADJECTIVE): bold 
Synonyms: abusive, arrogant 
Antonyms: cowardly, modest 
Sentence: The captain put the insolent soldier on report.
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97. POMPOUS (ADJECTIVE): arrogant 
Synonyms: boastful, grandiose 
Antonyms: humble, kind 
Sentence: The millionaire was a pompous man who believed he should never wait in line for anything.
98. DECEITFUL (ADJECTIVE): dishonest 
Synonyms: artful, deceptive 
Antonyms: actual, athentic 
Sentence: The early difficulties of Elizabeth's reign secured him a deceitful peace on that side for a time.
99. DIFFIDENCE (NOUN): hesitancy 
Synonyms: backwardness, doubt 
Antonyms: arrogance, boldness 
Sentence: Zakir was a diffident student who never stood up to his bullies. 

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100. DOCILITY (NOUN): agreement 
Synonyms: conformity, consent 
Antonyms: difference, refusal 
Sentence: As soon as they shake hands docility reflects from their gesture.
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101. AMATEUR (NOUN): casual participant 
Synonyms: aspirants, beginner 
Antonyms: expert, professional 
Sentence: Nazia is considered an amateur makeup artist.
102. PROPAGATE (VERB): breed 
Synonyms: inseminate, multiply 
Antonyms: decrease, deplete 
Sentence: The political candidate hopes to propagate his vision to potential voters.
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103. DWINDLE (VERB): to become gradually less or smaller 
Synonyms: decrease, diminish 
Antonyms: rise, grow 
Sentence: The members of this department have dwindled from 50 to 20.
104. DAMPEN (VERB): make wet 
Synonyms: bedew, dabble 
Antonyms: collect, dry 
Sentence: Even the red sun couldn't dampen her mood.
105. TINSEL (NOUN): particular type of embellishment 
Synonyms: color, design 
Antonyms: plainness, eyesore 
Sentence: His exuberant style is Venetian which he bestrews with tinsel and spangles.
106. CORDIAL (ADJECTIVE): friendly 
Synonyms: affectionate, amicable 
Antonyms: cold, cool 
Sentence: If you treat people in a cordial manner, they will treat you well also.

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107. INBORN (ADJECTIVE): natural 
Synonyms: congenital, hereditary 
Antonyms: acquired, learned
Sentence: At the same time the inborn gift of style can be starved or stimulated.
108. JUSTIFIABLE (ADJECTIVE): reasonable 
Synonyms: acceptable, admissible 
Antonyms: illegal, improbable 
Sentence: As long as a justifiable way to handle the problem is discovered, everyone will be in compliance 
with it.
109. REMISSIBLE (ADJECTIVE): well-founded 
Synonyms: allowable, defensible 
Antonyms: illegitimate, invalid 
Sentence: This is remissible to apply for CSS Exam.
110. ANIMOSITY (NOUN): extreme dislike 
Synonyms: acrimony, animus 
Antonyms: friendliness, good will 
Sentence: Why do you have such animosity towards me when I have done nothing wrong to you?
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111. EMPATHY (NOUN): understanding 
Synonyms: affinity, appreciation 
Antonyms: disdain, hatred 
Sentence: Because her parents immigrated to the USA to give her a better life, Maria has empathy for illegal 
aliens.
112. MELANCHOLIA (NOUN): low spirits 
Synonyms: abashment, abjection 
Antonyms: advantage, benefit 
Sentence: After his examination result he was in melancholia.
113. PROTUBERANCE (NOUN): lump 
Synonyms: bulge, bump 
Antonyms: depression, ingrowth 
Sentence: He got protuberance after falling from the swing.

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114. JUBILANT (ADJECTIVE): happy 
Synonyms: elated, euphoric 
Antonyms: depressed, discouraged 
Sentence: Laughing always puts me in a jubilant mood.
115. AUDACIOUS (ADJECTIVE): reckless 
Synonyms: adventurous, bold 
Antonyms: afraid, careful 
Sentence: The millionaire earned his fortune by being an audacious player on the stock market.
116. OUTRAGEOUS (ADJECTIVE): very bad 
Synonyms: barbaric, brazen 
Antonyms: moral, delightful 
Sentence: The outrageous cartoon made fun of the boy who was dying from cancer. 
117. EFFICACIOUS (ADJECTIVE): efficient 
Synonyms: effective, active 
Antonyms: impotent, incapable 
Sentence: Yoga is very efficacious at reducing stress.
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118. INTUITION (NOUN): insight 
Synonyms: hunch, instinct 
Antonyms: knowledge, reasoning 
Sentence: They say that when you feel something is wrong you should trust your intuition.
119. PARSIMONY (NOUN): stinginess 
Synonyms: frugality, miserliness 
Antonyms: generosity, kindness 
Sentence: To save money, the parsimonious old man always bought used clothes.
120. LUNACY (NOUN): craziness 
Synonyms: absurdity, folly 
Antonyms: intelligence, wisdom
Sentence: The committee of a lunatic, with the sanction of the judge in lunacy, may refer disputes to 
arbitration.

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121. FRIGID (ADJECTIVE): extremely cold 
Synonyms: chilly, freezing 
Antonyms: friendly, heated 
Sentence: His look was one of frigid anger as he stormed out.
122. FERROUS (ADJECTIVE): hard 
Synonyms: rigid, steely 
Antonyms: flexible, loose 
Sentence: Most ferrous materials are magnetic.
123. BOGEY (NOUN): ghost 
Synonyms: apparition, bugaboo 
Antonyms: being, reality 
Sentence: He walked off the green with a bogey four.
124. IMPECCABLE (ADJECTIVE): above suspicion 
Synonyms: exquisite, immaculate 
Antonyms: flawed, imperfect 
Sentence: With your impeccable English skills, writing essays should be a cinch.
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125. BLEMISH (NOUN): flaw 
Synonyms: bruise, blot 
Antonyms: blank, clarity 
Sentence: Urooj’s wedding dress is free of the slightest blemish, which is why it cost Aamir so much money.
126. MANGLE (VERB): mutilate, deform 
Synonyms: bruise, contort 
Antonyms: beautify, help 
Sentence: His hand was caught in the machine accidently and was totally mangled.
127. CONTAMINATE (VERB): adulterate 
Synonyms: corrupt, harm 
Antonyms: clean, improve 
Sentence: The nurse put on gloves so as not to contaminate herself or the patient.

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128. SANCTIFY (VERB): hold in highest esteem 
Synonyms: glorify, purify 
Antonyms: condemn, degrade 
Sentence: The priests have to sanctify the holy water.
129. HIATUS (NOUN): pause, 
Synonyms: interval, break 
Antonyms: continuation, juncture 
Sentence: The professor will take his family on a long vacation during his hiatus.
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130. HALCYON (ADJECTIVE): calm 
Synonyms: bucolic, quiet 
Antonyms: agitated, angry 
Sentence: I was very content during the halcyon days of my childhood.
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131. TRANQUIL (ADJECTIVE): peaceful 
Synonyms: amicable, balmy 
Antonyms: fierce, excited 
Sentence: The doctor says I need to be in a tranquil place so I can relax.
132. PASTORAL (ADJECTIVE): rustic 
Synonyms: agrarian, bucolic 
Antonyms: city, metropolitan 
Sentence: When I looked at the artist’s pastoral paintings, I could clearly see the fields and trees in which he 
played as a child.
133. LACUNA (NOUN): pause 
Synonyms: break, gap 
Antonyms: closure, continuation
Sentence: There was a lacuna between the two sessions of the parliament.

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134. INCIPIENT (ADJECTIVE): developing
Synonyms: embryonic, nascent 
Antonyms: developed, mature 
Sentence: The best way to stop the disease from spreading is by identifying it while it is incipient.
135. INCLEMENT (ADJECTIVE): bitter, nasty (weather) 
Synonyms: brutal, cold 
Antonyms: clear, kind 
Sentence: During hurricane season, cruises are often cancelled because of inclement conditions.
136. RESPONSIVE (ADJECTIVE): quick to react
Synonyms: active, aware 
Antonyms: ignorant, impassive 
Sentence: By the time they entered the building, her arms and legs were responsive again.
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137. IMPINGE (VERB): trespass 
Synonyms: encroach, intrude 
Antonyms: avoid, dodge 
Sentence: Hopefully the bad weather will move in a different direction and not impinge upon our plans for an 
outdoor reception.
138. PRY (VERB): interfere in someone else's business 
Synonyms: poke, bug 
Antonyms: close, neglect 
Sentence: I don't mean to pry, but you seem on edge.
139. RANSACK (VERB): turn inside out in search; ravage 
Synonyms: raid, pillage 
Antonyms: ignore, offer 
Sentence: If you don’t have an emergency plan for power outages you’ll have to ransack your home for 
candles and matches.

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140. FERRET (VERB): dig, uncover 
Synonyms: beat, break 
Antonyms: cover, dirty 
Sentence: She would face that fear — ferret it out and destroy it.
141. RUMMAGE (VERB): search 
Synonyms: forage, poke 
Antonyms: arrange, organize 
Sentence: The dog will rummage through the garbage for food when it gets hungry.
142. HAPLESS (ADJECTIVE): unfortunate 
Synonyms: unlucky, woeful 
Antonyms: happy, fortuitous 
Sentence: It is always good to help the hapless people.
143. WINTRY (ADJECTIVE): cold, snowy 
Synonyms: bleak, chilly 
Antonyms: warm, pleasant 
Sentence: The weather was too wintry for me to go outside.
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144. MALINGER (VERB): evade 
Synonyms: dodge, avoid 
Antonyms: do, face 
Sentence: The lazy student tried to malinger when it was time to work on his essay.
145. LASSITUDE (NOUN): lethargy 
Synonyms: dullness, fatigue 
Antonyms: action, diligence 
Sentence: After the long race, Mohsin experienced a feeling of lassitude.
146. MACHINATION (NOUN): maneuver 
Synonyms: conspiracy, ploy 
Antonyms: frankness, honesty
Sentence: Reading about the criminals’ machination to rob the casino was enthralling.

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147. MENTOR (NOUN): person who advises 
Synonyms: adviser, coach 
Antonyms: pupil, student 
Sentence: Syed Qasim Ali Shah is a world class mentor.
148. MANIFEST (ADJECTIVE): clear 
Synonyms: understandable, obvious 
Antonyms: hidden, unclear 
Sentence: His evil intentions were manifest when he mentioned the question of dowry.
149. FICKLE (ADJECTIVE): changeable 
Synonyms: capricious, vacillating 
Antonyms: constant, stable 
Sentence: My brother Imran is fickle by nature.
150. FORTITUDE (NOUN): bravery
Synonyms: courage, boldness 
Antonyms: apathy, cowardice 
Sentence: My mother faced the problems of life with fortitude.
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151. FICTITIOUS (ADJECTIVE): imaginary 
Synonyms: untrue, artificial 
Antonyms: authentic, true 
Sentence: Don’t believe her story because it is just fictitious.
152. IRATE (ADJECTIVE): angry 
Synonyms: annoyed, enraged 
Antonyms: happy, pleased 
Sentence: I am a very irate person therefore my wife dislikes me.
153. FACILE (ADJECTIVE): easy 
Synonyms: effortless, simple 
Antonyms: complicated, difficult 
Sentence: His facile win tells us he's in form.
154. IRRESOLUTE (ADJECTIVE): Indecisive 
Synonyms: doubtful, fickle 
Antonyms: resolute, definite 
Sentence: Shazia is very irresolute by nature.

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155. PURSUIT (NOUN): Search 
Synonyms: hunt, seek 
Antonyms: retreat, surrender 
Sentence: She left home in pursuit of happiness.
156. SOVEREIGN (ADJECTIVE): Autonomous 
Synonyms: self-governed, monarchial 
Antonyms: subordinate, dependent 
Sentence: That government was sovereign in its culture.
157. CESSATION (NOUN): end 
Synonyms: abeyance, finish 
Antonyms: beginning, introduction 
Sentence: The principal believes the cessation of the school dress code will open the door for inappropriate 
behaviour.
158. QUANDARY (NOUN): Difficult situation 
Synonyms: predicament, dilemma 
Antonyms: good fortune, boon 
Sentence: He has been trapped in quandary.
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159. ENDEAR (VERB): Attract attention 
Synonyms: captivate, cherish 
Antonyms: dislike, hate 
Sentence: She tried to endear everyone.
160. DISSEMINATE (VERB): distribute 
Synonyms: advertise, circulate 
Antonyms: hide, conceal 
Sentence: It took years to disseminate information about Aids.
161. INCANTATION (NOUN): Spell 
Synonyms: charm, magic 
Antonyms: reality, actuality 
Sentence: The sorcerer knows an incantation to raise the dead.
162. HAGGLE (VERB): Argue 
Synonyms: bicker, dispute 
Antonyms: agree, comply 
Sentence: Do not haggle with me.

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163. DALLY (VERB): Dawdle 
Synonyms: boondoggle, delay 
Antonyms: hurry, hasten 
Sentence: Don't dally otherwise we'll miss the train.
164. EXEMPTION (NOUN): freedom from a responsibility 
Synonyms: discharge, dispensation 
Antonyms: accountability, liability 
Sentence: The report confirmed their exemption from military duty.
165. HILARIOUS (ADJECTIVE): very funny 
Synonyms: amusing, comical 
Antonyms: boring, sad 
Sentence: Ali is a very hilarious student in the class.
166. ALLEVIATE (VERB): relieve 
Synonyms: allay, assuage 
Antonyms: increase, intensify 
Sentence: Take a Disprin to alleviate your headache.
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167. TOLERANCE (NOUN): fortitude 
Synonyms: patience, resilience 
Antonyms: lethargy, weakness 
Sentence: She had a low tolerance for noise.
168. CONCEITED (ADJECTIVE): egotistical 
Synonyms: arrogant, big talking 
Antonyms: diffident, humble 
Sentence: The conceited man would not stop talking about himself.
169. SPURIOUS (ADJECTIVE): counterfeit 
Synonyms: bogus, false 
Antonyms: genuine, true 
Sentence: To win elections, politicians often make spurious promises to voters.

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170. OBSTRUCTION (NOUN): obstacle 
Synonyms: blockage, hindrance 
Antonyms: aid, assistance 
Sentence: Once the obstruction is removed, water will continue to flow through the pipe.
171. ESTEEM (NOUN): think highly of 
Synonyms: respect, admiration 
Antonyms: abandon, condemn 
Sentence: He treated all his colleagues with the same level of esteem.
172. RIDICULE (NOUN): contemptuous laughter at someone or something 
Synonyms: caricature, derision 
Antonyms: admiration, approval 
Sentence: It may have been a simple ridicule, but it still made him feel rejected.
173. PERSIFLAGE (NOUN): teasing 
Synonyms: banter, frivolity
Antonyms: seriousness, humorlessness 
Sentence: This persiflage is not appropriate when we have such serious problems to discuss.
174. CAULK (VERB): secure 
Synonyms: block, barricade 
Antonyms: free, loosen 
Sentence: It only remained to caulk their important task, and this occupied them for a day or two.
175. CONFLICT (VERB): fight 
Synonyms: brawl, scuffle 
Antonyms: serene, peace 
Sentence: Raheel appeared extremely disturbed by the conflict.
176. DROUGHT (NOUN): scarcity 
Synonyms: shrinkness, depletion 
Antonyms: plentiful, lavish 
Sentence: The party criticized opposition who were responsible for the financial drought faced 
by the nation.

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177. PLEA (NOUN): request 
Synonyms: pray, appeal 
Antonyms: order, instruct 
Sentence: The teacher's plea for silence went unheard, resulting in extreme discomfort to
 the student.
178. JOVIAL (ADJECTIVE): Cheerful 
Synonyms: Merry, Exultant 
Antonyms: Solemn, Morose 
Sentence: Shehrish is a jovial fellow.
179. UPHILL (ADJECTIVE): difficult 
Synonym: tough, unimaginable 
Antonyms: banal, mundane 
Sentence: The article had a glorious description regarding the uphill task done by the cricket team.
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180. RIFT (NOUN): division 
Synonyms: gap, difference 
Antonyms: bridge, joint 
Sentence: The opposition and the government seemed to be focused on removing the rift
 between the poor 
and the rich.
181. IMPART (VERB): convey 
Synonyms: Bestow, Divulge 
Antonyms: Suppress, Withhold 
Sentence: Ever since I was of tender age, I have seen my teachers imparting a great deal 
of knowledge.
182. BORROW (VERB): to take by request 
Synonyms: Loan, Beg 
Antonyms: Snatch, Rob 
Sentence: Can I borrow your notebook?
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183. IGNOMINIOUS (ADJECTIVE): disgraceful 
Synonyms: Shameful, Scandalous
Antonyms: Dignified, Distinguished 
Sentence: The ignominious stealing has given him nefarious identity.

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184. COUNTENANCE (VERB): to have a favorable opinion of 
Synonyms: approve, favor 
Antonyms: censure, disapprove 
Sentence: Our management will not countenance cheating.
185. DIVERS (ADJECTIVE): several 
Synonyms: various, manifold 
Antonyms: identical, same 
Sentence: Divers men have tried to bring about social reforms.
186. HEARTSORE (ADJECTIVE): Devastated 
Synonyms: crestfallen, despairing 
Antonyms: happy, pleased
Sentence: I feel heartsore for the poor lady.
187. DERISIVE (ADJECTIVE): Ridiculing 
Synonyms: disdainful, scornful 
Antonyms: polite, respectful 
Sentence: Adeel gave a harsh, derisive laugh.
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188. GLOAMING (NOUN): Sunset 
Synonyms: sundown, twilight 
Antonyms: daybreak, sunrise 
Sentence: Many lights are shimmering in the gloaming.
189. DISINTERESTED (ADJECTIVE): free from prejudice 
Synonyms: unselfish, neutral 
Antonyms: biased, partial 
Sentence: A great leader renders disinterested services to his society. 
190. PILFER (VERB): Steal 
Synonyms: filch, purloin 
Antonyms: give, offer 
Sentence: Ejaz pilfered enough pieces of wood from the factory to make a chair.

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191. ESTRANGEMENT (NOUN): Alienation 
Synonyms: disaffection, separation 
Antonyms: connection, friendliness 
Sentence: The growing estrangement between me and my relative is awful.
192. RAUCOUS (ADJECTIVE): Noisy 
Synonyms: discordant, loud 
Antonyms: low, mild 
Sentence: The atmosphere was utterly raucous.
193. VIVID (ADJECTIVE): animated 
Synonyms: theatrical, dramatic 
Antonyms: boring, undramatic 
Sentence: The movie was very vivid.
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194. RECALCITRANT (ADJECTIVE): disobedient 
Synonyms: fractious, obstinate 
Antonyms: agreeable, compliant 
Sentence: Despite being offered treats by his parents, the little boy was still recalcitrant about 
doing his 
homework.
195. REFRAIN (VERB): stop oneself from doing something. 
Synonyms: withhold, abstain 
Antonyms: allow, continue 
Sentence: You must refrain from all interference.

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196. OSTRACIZE (VERB): exile 
Synonyms: blackball, exclude 
Antonyms: accept, admit 
Sentence: Sadly, the rich children ostracize the other girl because she comes from a poor family.
197. RIFE (ADJECTIVE): overflowing 
Synonyms: abundant, alive 
Antonyms: limited, uncommon 
Sentence: The beach is rife with young people during the summer months.
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198. OPPORTUNE (ADJECTIVE): advantageous 
Synonyms: apt, auspicious 
Antonyms: inappropriate, unfortunate 
Sentence: The teenager knew there would never be an opportune time to tell her parents
 that she was pregnant.
199. RANKLE (VERB): annoy 
Synonyms: anger, bother 
Antonyms: calm, assist 
Sentence: The fact the plane is leaving two hours late is certainly going to rankle the passengers.
200. NOISOME (ADJECTIVE): immoral 
Synonyms: baneful, dangerous 
Antonyms: upright, moral 
Sentence: The dog’s noisome act is making me feel ill.

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201. MORATORIUM (NOUN): suspension 
Synonyms: ban, delay 
Antonyms: continuation, continuance 
Sentence: A large number of politicians and voters would like to see a moratorium placed 
on home 
foreclosures.
202. NEXUS (NOUN): middle 
Synonyms: center, connection 
Antonyms: divorce, exteriority 
Sentence: Today Facebook seems to be the nexus of communication.
203. NETTLE (VERB): provoke 
Synonyms: annoy, disgust 
Antonyms: appease, comfort 
Sentence: My brother often nettles me by reading my diary.
204. REFRACTORY (ADJECTIVE): stubborn 
Synonyms: disobedient, mulish 
Antonyms: manageable, obedient 
Sentence: The Convention took measures against the emigres and the refractory priests.
205. PETRIFY (VERB): make hard 
Synonyms: calcify, fossilize 
Antonyms: soften, comfort 
Sentence: The terrorist group tries to petrify the public by showing gruesome videos.
206. RECANT (VERB): take back something said 
Synonyms: annul, renounce 
Antonyms: accept, agree 
Sentence: The judge ordered the magazine to recant the false statements it made about
 the actress.
207. PUERILE (ADJECTIVE): childish 
Synonyms: callow, infantile 
Antonyms: mature, adult 
Sentence: The fireman was scolded for playing puerile pranks on his coworkers.
208. RHAPSODIZE (VERB): rave 
Synonyms: babble, declaim 
Antonyms: be quiet, be happy 
Sentence: You'd rhapsodize with him to his heart's content.
209. NEFARIOUS (ADJECTIVE): bad 
Synonyms: horrible, odious 
Antonyms: delightful, gentle 
Sentence: One man employed his nefarious scheme to hack into people's computers and 
steal bank account’s 
information.
210. JITTERY (ADJECTIVE): nervous 
Synonyms: restless, anxious 
Antonyms: calm, composed 
Sentence: She felt jittery before her stage performance.
211. OBFUSCATE (VERB): confuse 
Synonyms: baffle, becloud 
Antonyms: clarify, enlighten 
Sentence: Because I am a sympathetic teacher, I avoid using language which will obfuscate
 my students.
212. REPREHENSIBLE (ADJECTIVE): very bad 
Synonyms: culpable, disgraceful 
Antonyms: good, kind 
Sentence: Instead of making reprehensible comments about women, go spread some cheer.

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